Over time, humans have been constantly emitting Carbon Dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere by the burning of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and oil) for the use of things such as energy and transportation. Since the Industrial Revolution began around 1750, human activities have contributed substantially to climate change by adding CO2 and other heat-trapping gases to the atmosphere. By measuring the CO2 emissions per country, it is easier to see which country (China, with United States close behind) emits the most CO2 into the atmosphere.
This also makes it easier for environmentalists, government officials, and policy makers to come to decisions about limitations in specific countries based on CO2 output. Policy options range from comprehensive market-based legislation to targeted regulations to reduce emissions and improve the efficiency of vehicles, power plants and large industrial sources. Underlying these analyses are economic models and detailed studies of technologies to reduce emissions. Taking actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions yields important economic benefits. These benefits are from the reduced risk to human health and welfare that results from lower emissions of greenhouse gases and less global warming and climate change. The use of GIS mapping and technology promotes the ability to examine issues in countries emitting higher levels of CO2.
Hudson, S. (December 01, 2008). Carbon emissions. Anz Journal of Surgery, 78, 12, 1137.
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