Ranching and the new global range: Amazonia in the 21st Century
This paper is based upon the idea that the Amazonian basin is slowly degrading from the soy industry, cattle industry, and expansion of the federal interstates.
The infrastructure of Brazil is very wide and pre-1990’s it was extremely difficult to travel with in the Country, as shown in fig. 1. The 1968 to 1995 the 200-hour drive from Bao Vista to Belem has been greatly reduced to around a 50-hour drive. This leads to the fact that cattle and soy can now be easily transported from Bao Vista to the bigger cities and to the coast. The greatly reduced drive time was due to the improvement and construction of more roads. As shown in Fig. 2, the areas with the densest cattle are centered on major highway intersections. The transportation of more cattle has been due to the road improvements, but the demand for Brazilian cattle is due to location rents, enhancement on animal health, monetary and trade policy, and beef international demand.
This creates a problem with the Amazonian basin because cattle ranching, which is located in remote areas of Brazil destroys too much forestland and destroys the soil. There are two ways that cattle ranchers can decrease the negative impact through agricultural intensifications and forest encroachment under a multi-crop Thunian system.
Walker, R., Browder, J., Arima, E., Simmons, C., Pereira, R., Caldus, M., Shirota, R., & de Zen, S. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016718508001802