AR, S. J., Pérez, A., Brown, H. S., & Reininger, B. M. Socioeconomic Status and Prevalence of Obesity and Diabetes in a Mexican American Community, Cameron County, Texas, 2004-2007.
Obesity and diabetes continue to be a growing health concern in society today. In 2006, it was estimated that greater then 20 million Americans had type two diabetes, and by 2050, this number is projected to reach 39 million (AR, Pérez, Brown, et. al 1). In this study, the authors examined the rate of obesity and diabetes in Mexican-Americans in Cameron County, Texas and its relation to socioeconomic status. As this area is located adjacent to the border with Mexico, there are ongoing demographic as well as socioeconomic changes.
The authors conducted a study to determine if minor economic advantages had any effect on health, specifically obesity and diabetes rates. In order to do so, the authors created a “cohort” of randomly selected individuals (AR, Pérez, Brown, et. al 2). All individuals were Mexican-American and 68% were female. Less than one-fourth of the participants had health insurance, “5% had Medicaid, and 5% had Medicaid combined with privately managed care” (AR, Pérez, Brown, et. al 3). The authors used census data to create four strata based on income. This data was then adjusted with sampling weights to balance the high proportion of female participants. Additionally, the participants were ranked by income and then sampled in the first and last quartiles to provide a wider difference in income then that seen in census data as well as (AR, Pérez, Brown, et. al 3). The authors additionally used GIS to show the "spatial distribution of households" by income as well as the density of the sampling (AR, Pérez, Brown, et. al 3). The authors then geocoded the households with longitude and latitude coordinates and crossed checked these locations with GPS to ensure accuracy of the sampling area. The authors asked participants to fast ten hours prior to visiting where they then calculated body mass index (BMI), measured waist circumference, took blood pressure, and measured the blood glucose level.
|Distribution of study participants by quartile|
The study showed that more then one-half of participants had BMI that was considered to be in the obese range (BMI greater then 30 kg/m2). By strata, there was slight difference in obesity rates and income with lower four strata having an obesity rate of 57.5% and a rate of 55.5% in the higher strata (AR, Pérez, Brown, et. al 1). There was a significant difference in undiagnosed diabetes between strata. The authors concluded that individuals in a higher income strata were 7% less likely to have undiagnosed diabetes (AR, Pérez, Brown, et. al 1). Additionally, the study suggests that people between the ages of 55-64 in the lower socioeconomic strata are more likely to have diabetes as higher rates were seen among these individuals (AR, Pérez, Brown, et. al 1).
|Graph showing "percent of participants with diabetes by age and socioeconomic status"|