To illustrate the impact of policy, the paper presents data on the geography of Amazonian herd expansion, on the growth of Amazonian exports, and on the profitability of the region’s cattle economy. It follows the empirical presentation with more abstract consideration of the spatial relations between cattle ranching and soy farming, and implications for deforestation. The paper concludes on a speculative note by considering the likelihood of forest transition in the region, given the transformation of Amazônia into a global resource frontier.
The Thunian-based political ecology framework calls attention to both social forces affecting high-level governmental decisions about Amazonian policy, and incentives at ground-level influencing the decisions of land managers to opt for cattle. the policy framework is considered, with a special emphasis on road infrastructure, animal health, and monetary and trade reform.
Given the vitality of the Amazônia’s cattle economy, it is perhaps ironic that the critical discourse on Amazonian development held for many years that agriculture, and ranching in particular, offered little promise of success and that private investment could only be secured with substantial government subsidies to investors.
Apart from those, there are still some questions that people need to discuss. For instance, the balance between agricultural expansion and deforestation, the balance of payments for cattle products-Import-Export.
Walker, R., Browder, J., Arima, E., Simmons, C., Pereira, R., Caldas, M., ... & de Zen, S. (2009). Ranching and the new global range: Amazônia in the 21st century. Geoforum, 40(5), 732-745.