Globalization and industrialization of the food industry has forever changed the way of life for most people and led to a lack of ability for people living in urban centers to eat locally and organically. Eating locally is seen as the solution to the globalized food system and the issues that it has brought to our society. The common theme of urban centers is a lack of green space and ways for people to get fresh foods. And this lack of fresh foods is commonly centralized around the parts of cities with the lowest annual incomes. However, in Philadelphia, progress has been made and about 50% of the new community gardens are located in the <$18,000/year income districts (Fig. 2).
In mapping the local food system in Philadelphia, the amount of "food miles" that food travels from its source of production to the consumer was looked at and most of the food was determined to be local. Yet, the administrative boundaries of what is considered to be local may be skewed seeing as the average distance traveled is still 61 miles. With this in mind, it can still be said that progress is being made with community gardens filling some of the food availability gaps in low income neighborhoods. Using mapping technologies to determine distances of populations from food producers as well as finding available land that could be utilized for further development of the local food system, the future integration of local food production into the existing food industry is looking more promising than ever.
Kremer, P., & DeLiberty, T. L. (2011). Local food practices and growing potential: Mapping the case of Philadelphia. Applied Geography, 31(4), 1252-1261.